Baltimore Mayor J. Barry Mahool, Father of 20th Century Segregation

It’s interesting how some historians paint Mayor Mahool as an effective mayoral administrator, yet downplay his legacy as the first big city mayor to blatantly institutionalize racism:

On May 15, 1911, Baltimore Mayor J. Barry Mahool signed into law an ordinance for “preserving the peace, preventing conflict and ill feeling between the white and colored races in Baltimore City.” This ordinance provided for the use of separate blocks by African American and whites and was the first such law in the nation directly aimed at segregating black and white homeowners. This article considers the historical significance of Baltimore’s first housing segregation law.