BOLEY, OKLAHOMA: THE ALL-BLACK TOWN THAT FOUGHT BACK AGAINST “PRETTY BOY” FLOYD’S GANGSTERS

By Jae Jones

(BlackThen – June 10, 2019) – The town of Boley, located in the western part of Okfuskee County in Oklahoma, was one of the most vibrant black towns in all of the Indian Territory in the early 20th century. It was also once described by Booker T. Washington as “the finest black town in the world.” At the time, Boley had the reputation for being the largest black town in the United States, with an estimated black population of over 4,000 people.

Businesses were thriving as there were black owned restaurants, hotels and other establishments as part of the city’s legacy. The town was known throughout the state for hosting renowned events every year, such as the Boley Black Rodeo. Horsemen would arrive in the town from all over the region just to participate in the famous event, which took place during Memorial Day weekend. READ IN FULL

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